Tag: mexico

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This Day in Texas History: Congress Creates United States Border Patrol

This Day in Texas History: Congress Creates United States Border Patrol May 28, 1924 On this day in 1924, the U.S. Congress established the United States Border Patrol as part of the Immigration Bureau, an arm of the Department of Labor. Its duties included the prevention of smuggling and the arrest of illegal entrants into…
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This Day in Texas History: “Goat-Gland” Doctor Dies in San Antonio

This Day in Texas History: “Goat-Gland” Doctor Dies in San Antonio May 26, 1942 On this day in 1942, John Romulus Brinkley, controversial medical charlatan, died in San Antonio. Although Brinkley never earned a diploma he was licensed by the state of Arkansas and set up a medical practice in Milford, Kansas. In 1918 he…
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This Day in Texas History: Cinco de Mayo Originates in Victory Over French

This Day in Texas History: Cinco de Mayo Originates in Victory Over French May 05, 1862 On this day in 1862, Mexican general Ignacio Zaragoza defeated French expeditionary forces at Puebla, Mexico. This event is celebrated annually as El Cinco de Mayo. Along with El Diez y Seis de Septiembre (September 16), on which is commemorated…
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This Day in Texas History: Texas Force Decimated After Black Bean Lottery

This Day in Texas History: Texas Force Decimated After Black Bean Lottery March 25, 1843 On this day in 1843, seventeen Texans were executed at Salado, Tamaulipas, Mexico. As the members of the defeated Mier expedition were being marched from Mier to Mexico City, they attempted a mass escape on February 11. Some 176 were…
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This Day in Texas History: Texas Declares Independence from Mexico

This Day in Texas History: Texas Declares Independence from Mexico March 02, 1836 On this day in 1836, Texas became a republic. On March 1 delegates from the seventeen Mexican municipalities of Texas and the settlement of Pecan Point met at Washington-on-the-Brazos to consider independence from Mexico. George C. Childress presented a resolution calling for…
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This Day in Texas History: Texas Adopts Constitution

This Day in Texas History: (from the Texas State Historical Association archives) Texas Adopts Constitution February 15, 1876 On this day in 1876, citizens of Texas adopted the Constitution of 1876. They ratified it by a vote of 136,606 to 56,652. The document is the sixth constitution by which Texas has been governed since declaring independence from…
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This day in Texas History: Somervell Expedition Disbands

This day in Texas History: (from the Texas State Historical Association archives) Somervell Expedition Disbands December 19, 1842 On this day in 1842, the Somervell expedition disbanded. The Somervell expedition was a punitive expedition against Mexico in retaliation for three predatory raids made by Mexican armies upon Texas in 1842: Antonio Canales Rosillo’s descent upon Lipantitlán and the…
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This day in Texas History: Republic of Fredonia Stillborn in Nacogdoches

This day in Texas History: (from the Texas State Historical Association archives) Republic of Fredonia Stillborn in Nacogdoches December 16, 1826 On this day in 1826, Benjamin Edwards and about thirty men rode into Nacogdoches (the oldest town in Texas) and declared the Republic of Fredonia, thus instituting an attempted minor revolution known as the Fredonian Rebellion. Benjamin…
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