This day in Texas History: Republic of Fredonia Stillborn in Nacogdoches
This day in Texas History:
(from the Texas State Historical Association archives)
Republic of Fredonia Stillborn in Nacogdoches
December 16, 1826
On this day in 1826, Benjamin Edwards and about thirty men rode into Nacogdoches (the oldest town in Texas) and declared the Republic of Fredonia, thus instituting an attempted minor revolution known as the Fredonian Rebellion.
Benjamin was the brother of Haden Edwards, who had received a grant near Nacogdoches and had settled some fifty families there. Fearing that the brothers were about to lose their land, Benjamin took the desperate step of declaring independence from Mexico.
In spite of an attempt to get the Cherokees to help, the revolt was easily crushed by Mexican authorities, and Edwards was forced to flee across the Sabine. In 1837 he ran for governor of Mississippi, but died during the campaign.